Lake Mburo National Park was established in 1933 as a regulated hunting ground for the citizens but it was later promoted to a game reserve status in 1963 just after Uganda had gotten its independence from the British. The area was later upgraded to a National Park status in the reign of Doctor Apollo Milton Obote in 1983. This saw some of the Bahima being advised to go out of the area for non- interrupted conservation activities of wildlife. It should be noted that the region was inhabited by the Banyankole – Bahima who have since settled there up to today and the ones who had left formerly also later on migrated back in search of greener pastures for their cattle and they carry on their pastoralism activities in the outskirts of the National Park.

However, regardless of their settlements outside the National Park, conservation activities move on smoothly though there are some human-wildlife conflicts due to their settlements. The National Park is governed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority which is responsible for wildlife and conservation activities in Uganda with the help of other stakeholders and leaders in the region.

Geographically, the National Park is located in the southwestern part of Uganda, particularly in the Ankole sub-region, Kiruhura District neighboring Mbarara and the road leading to the park is just off the Kampala- Mbarara highway. The distance from Kampala to the National Park is 246.7 kilometers which adds up to a 4 to 5 hours’ drive. The National Park has neighboring communities that settle in the areas of Kyankoko just north of the park, Lyantonde in the northeastern direction, Lwamagwa in the far east, Lugaga and Kiberwa in the southern parts.

All these villages have one thing in common and that is cattle keeping from where they get their
revenues from. The park also has five lakes in it with Lake Mburo as the biggest from where it derives its
name and various seasonal wetlands account for almost 1 ⁄ 4 of the park. The park also has captivating
savanna grasslands that act as a better habitat for African wildlife.

Explore Uganda Safaris

The History of Kibale National Park

During the colonial British Era in 1932, the park was placed under the British authority that used it to harvest hardwood and at the same time some parts of the park. Part of the vegetation rowing in the forest was wild coffee that they also harvested, overtime they replanted the cut down trees with exotic breeds however when the Kilembe copper mines was being constructed more wood was demanded hence more trees were cut down and exotic breeds were planted to replace the trees lost. This went on for a while until 1993 when the reserve was changed to national park status and authority was handed over to the Uganda National Parks in 1994 to manage and be responsible for the park and also enforce strong conservation efforts.

Towards 1996, the government body of Uganda National Parks merged with the game department to form the current Uganda Wildlife Authority that manages all the national parks in the country. The Uganda Wildlife Authority has protected the forest and strived to restore it back to its originality

At 300 km away from Kampala city, Uganda’s capital, the park trails in the districts of Kabarole and Kamwenge, it is 1600 meters above sea level and bordered by other attractions like Queen Elizabeth National Park in the south, Semuliki Wildlife reserve in the North and Mount Rwenzori in the West.

The forest connects through the wildlife corridor measuring 180 kilo meters that connects to Queen Elizabeth National Park. Animals use the corridor to move from the forest to the savanna area of Queen Elizabeth and back to the forest. It is part of the forest ecosystem that comprises of Kalinzu, Kasyoha-Kitomi, Kyambura forests and Bigodi Wetland Sanctuary.

The forest is a habitant for other 13 primate species marking it the largest primate village in Africa, these primates are L’hoest’s monkeys, Uganda Mangabeys, Procolobus Tephrosceles, the Ugandan red colobus monkeys, lophocebus ugandae among others. Other animal species besides primates are African golden cats, mongooses, buffaloes, bush backs, elephants, leopards, blue and red duikers, otters, Sitatunga and giant forest hogs among others.


There are various tourist attractions in the National Park ranging from animals to birds, grasslands and woodlands and also a dense forest cover in some parts of the park. Animals in this park include zebras, buffaloes, Oribis, elands, hyenas, Impalas, jackals, deffasa waterbuck and other rare bird species in the wetlands in the National Park especially marabou stocks, African fish eagles, grey crowned crane, Kori bastard, hammerkop, secretary bird, saddle billed stork, malachite kingfisher and many more others that make tourists travel from all corners of the world to come and see them.

The hospitality of the team of tour guides and rangers in this National Park is so outstanding that it makes tourists who visit the National Park want to come back again for trips because the information they hold about the National Park is out of this world, the love of what they do and love for their country is unmatched.

The fact that this park is so accessible is also another reason why it is visited by many tourists throughout the year. There are good roads leading to the National Park and it can also be accessed by air.

Boat cruises are also done in the National Park that help the tourists marvel at the beauty of the park and reach corners that cannot be reached by vehicles This further helps tourists to explore more of the National Park as various species of birds have even been explored by the birders who come to the park. The entrance fee to Lake Mburo National Park is so friendly and doesn’t go so deep into the pockets of the tourists as it is cheaper as compared to what the national park has to offer. For $40, foreign non- residents enter the park per person and $30 for foreign residents at a per person rate and Uganda shillings 20,000 for citizens of the East African Community. It is important to note that payment is made directly to the Uganda Wildlife Authority and it can be made through the tour operators.

The best time to travel to the “whispers of the wild” is the window of early June up to late August and the festive season – December up to February for extraordinary experiences. Though visits are not limited to only that time as they can be allowed throughout the year.


Gorilla Trekking in Uganda

After reading about the mountain gorillas, meet them physically and watch the silverback protect its family, mothers nurse and youngsters play. Half of the total population of the mountain Gorillas call Bwindi impenetrable national park and Mgahinga Gorilla national park home.

Mountain Gorillas are only found in the pearl of Africa, around the vast Virunga chain of mountains which spans through Uganda, Rwanda and the DR Congo. All trekkers must be 15 years and above, with a valid Gorilla trekking permit which can only be used once-the date of the activity.

Gorilla trekking permits are purchased from Uganda wildlife Authority, or through a licensed tour agency and costs 700Usd for foreign non-residents, 250,000ugx for East African residents and 600$ for foreign residents. 

Chimpanzee trekking in Uganda

Chimpanzees trekking is done in Kyambura gorge, Kibale national park, Kalinzu forest and Budongo forest. This is one of the must-do safari activities in Uganda, and thus one of the best for holiday goers. Get to experience the silence of the jungle, know what the forest has, and encounter other forest inhabitants.

The Gorilla trekking experience is done in the morning and afternoon hours, taking about 1-4 hours on foot. It is open for only persons aged 16 years and above in groups of not more than 8 persons. One can combine chimpanzee trekking with other activities like game viewing, boat cruise, hiking, birding and more. At Kibale forest National Park, you will visit Isunga community for the top of world hike and coffee experience.

Game drives and camping safaris

Akagera national park is the only place where game drives are done in Rwanda. The park is located in the eastern part of Rwanda, with a wide range of flora and fauna, cool weather, and classic lodging options.

Game viewing in Akagera National Park is rated as one of the best in the continent, and offers high chances of encountering among others; the African elephants, cape Buffaloes, lions, leopards, Rhinoceros, forest genet, zebras, wild dogs and more. There are birds, plants and more to explore during your stay in the park. Game drive is best in the morning and late evening hours.

Boat cruises

Boat cruise experiences in Murchison falls national park, Lake Victoria, Lake Mburo, Bunyonyi and Kazinga channel are quite unmatched. The best way to explore water, and uncover the aquatic world. Get closer to Nile crocodiles, hippos, kingfisher, water duck, shoebill stock and more, the papyrus swamps, and cool water breeze. This experience takes about 1-3 hours, in either morning or afternoon hours.

Bird watching tours.

Uganda is a host to 10% of total bird species in the world. Birds are found across the country, in the swamps, lake shores, mountains, river shores, and forests. For bird enthusiasts, you get to learn of these birds by name, and character.

Take time to capture numerous photos of the many species notably; Turacos, eagles, Kori bustards, shoe bill stock, cranes, francolins, Albertine owlets, kivu ground thrush, Rwenzori Turacos, regal sunbirds, mountain masked Apalis, Red-billed quale, western nicator eagles, African Jacana, eastern black korhaans, lover birds, guinea fowls and more.

Hiking and Mountaineering activities.

Nature walk and hiking are some of the best safari activities done in your holiday. It is an activity where everything is within your presence, notably; the birds, plants, water and more. It is a much practical way of uncovering Mother Nature and doing physical exercise.

Spend a few nights above the ground, by hiking to the summit of Mount. Rwenzori; one of the tallest mountains in the continent of Africa. Other destinations include; Mountain Elgon which offers a scenic view of the magnificent caldera, coffee plantations and more.

Other activities in Uganda include; City tours, cultural tours, night life, and religious tour.


There is no standard price for Uganda, Rwanda or Congo gorilla permit –each country has its rates. In Uganda, the charges vary depending on the visitor category. The foreign non-residents are charged USD 700 to have their gorilla permits booked, USD 600 for foreign residents and Ugandans (East Africa citizens) pay shs. 250,000 per person. To have a gorilla permit secured/booked, you need USD 1500 for Rwanda and this is most ideal for luxury/high-end travelers interested in visiting the endangered mountain gorillas.

When booking a gorilla permit, it is also a good thing to have a destination of your desire in mind. The key places to consider a must-visit on gorilla tour include Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park –these are gorilla trekking destinations for tourists on a tour in Uganda. In Rwanda, Volcanoes National Park is where you can locate habituated mountain gorilla families and crossing the D.R. Congo, you can explore Virunga National Park.

It is a good thing to also understand when best to book your gorilla permits to avoid having issues on actual date of gorilla trekking. Considering our experience, we always recommend our clients to have their permits booked early enough at least 2-4 months. This can save you from last minute stress, especially if you plan to travel during the dry season also considered to be the peak season. The peak months of the year fall around June, July, August to September, and December, January to February.

Gorilla permits are among the relevant documents visitors must have to be allowed to track gorillas in Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Not any gorilla permit should be presented on actual gorilla trekking adventure but a valid one. Booking gorilla permits is part of making the entire gorilla trip complete and should be done early enough before the actual visit to see mountain gorillas or eastern lowland gorillas.

To have your gorilla permit booked, there is a process one should undergo through and is generally tedious. Considering your tight schedule back home, you may wonder how easier you can have your permit booked in advance to avoid last minute stress.

The easiest way to secure your gorilla permit in Uganda or Rwanda is by dealing with a recognized tour operator/company on the ground. This is where our reservation team comes in. As part of your gorilla safari requirement, our team being on ground will ensure that your permit is booked early enough and everything else that is needed for gorilla trekking is put together.

The beauty about dealing with local safari company such as ours is that we have knowledge on the different gorilla groups and surrounding communities plus various accommodation facilities for your night stay. This is in addition to making the entire gorilla permit booking process easier on behalf of our clients.

There is also an option of booking the permit directly through the reservation team of respective park authorities. But the challenge is that you must undergo through the long process to have your permit booked and this may not favor you depending on your schedule. Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) is an organ in charge not only for conservation of wildlife in the Pearl of Africa but also sets prices for tourism activities in the parks including gorilla permits. In Rwanda, you can contact Rwanda Tourism Board/Rwanda Development Board to have your permit booked.

The East African tourist visa is a joint visa that permits one to travel to specific countries within East Africa, namely Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda only. A joint tourist visa can be used several times for various purposes as long as it’s not overdue. 

Tourists should therefore find it important to always remember that the tourist visa lasts for only 90 days.  Processing the tourist visa takes a maximum period of two working days. It is also important to note that the tourist visa prohibits employment.

The process of applying for a tourist visa has been made easier since it can be done with the help of a tour operator or by the individual themselves online through the Ministry of Internal Affairs immigration portal. Visitors are required to log in to the portal, go ahead and accept the terms and conditions for the tourist visa, select the Visa / permit type, the subcategory and category, complete the application form and upload the required documents. 

A reference number will be generated and sent to you through your email, submit it and proceed to payment. It’s important to note that the payment can be made using Visa cards.  An approval letter will be sent to your email after the above process.

Report at the immigration office or border post for the biometric capture with all the necessary documents, receipt of payment, approval letter and your passport. Visitors should regard it as important to enter through the home country issuing the visa.

The East African tourist visa costs a fee of $100 only, meaning that it can be obtained by all travelers ranging from the budget to luxurious ones.

  • Persons aged 15 years and above are allowed to trek gorillas.
  • Avoid sneezing in the presence of gorillas.
  • Always stay away from gorillas by observing distance
  • Do not try to feed gorillas
  • Do not chew in the presence of gorillas
  • Do not take photos with flash light on.