Gorilla Trekking in Uganda.

Gorilla trekking is an adventurous activity that involves tracking and viewing mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. It provides a unique opportunity for tourists and wildlife lovers to get up close to magnificent gorillas and learn more about their behavior, social structure, and conservation efforts that keep them available for generations to come.

Where exactly in Uganda is gorilla trekking done?

Uganda is one of the pristine destinations for gorilla trekking in Africa, known for its diverse landscapes and rich stunning biodiversity. The major national parks where gorilla trekking takes place in Uganda are:

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park: Situated in the southwest of Uganda, Bwindi is a UNESCO world heritage site and doubles as home to approximately half of the world’s endangered mountain gorilla population.

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park: This too is located in southwestern Uganda and shares some of its land with Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is part of the larger Virunga conservation area and offers gorilla trekking experiences as well.

What rules and regulations that govern gorilla trekking?

Several rules and regulations have been put in place for organized gorilla trekking and help elevate visitor experiences. These too help ensure the safety of both mountain gorillas and tourists in the wild. The rules include but aren’t limited to;

  • Trekking permit requirement. A gorilla trekking permit is a prerequisite, and only a limited number of permits are issued each day by UWA, that is to say, 168 permits for the 21 families to minimize the human impact on gorilla groups and preserve their habitat as well.
  • Age limit regulations: The minimum age allowed to go for gorilla trekking is 15 years and it’s so to ensure physical fitness and maturity in the wild. People below that age could potentially cause unnecessary destruction to the gentle giants due to the noise and the games they play. 
  • Group size: Gorilla trekking groups are typically limited to a small number of people made up of 8 people to minimize disturbance to the gorillas and their favorable habitat. This helps reduce the daily stampede that could be caused by a much bigger number that would destroy the lush vegetation that favours the gorillas’ livelihood.
  • Health precautions: Visitors with contagious diseases are not allowed to trek to prevent potential transmission of deadly diseases to gorillas which would risk their extinction. This helps to prevent the death of the gorillas since some diseases could treat them badly to death such as COVID-19.
  • Distance and behaviour regulations: A minimum distance of at least 7 meters (approximately 23 feet) must be maintained at all times from the gorillas. Flash photography is prohibited, because flashes can disturb the gorillas psychologically and may make them charge towards visitors.
  • Environmental littering is highly prohibited: On the journey to environmental sustainability, littering is strictly prohibited in the gorilla trekking areas and all residue must be carried back and properly disposed of. Visitors are advised to leave only their footprints behind.

What should one pack as they’re going for gorilla trekking?

When embarking on a gorilla trekking adventure, it’s paramount to pack the following items:

  • A pair of sturdy hiking boots: Comfortable, waterproof, hiking boots are necessary for navigating the forest terrain. This makes it easy for the visitor to pass through the vegetation with no hardships hence making the experience way better.
  • Comfortable clothing: Preferably lightweight, moisture-wicking clothing is recommended for trekking and long-sleeved shirts, and pants to protect against scratching thorns and biting insects.
  • Rain-proof gear: A waterproof jacket is thus essential, as rain precipitates are common in the southwestern rainforests. These dense forests tend to have non-predictable weather and it can even rain when it’s sunny. That’s why a waterproof jacket is highly recommended by the experts in the area.
  • A tourist’s daypack: A small backpack to carry adventure essentials like drinking water for when the guest gets thirsty while on the trek, snacks, cameras to capture the experience in photographs that can be seen after the trip, and other personal items.
  • Sunscreen and insect repellant: Protect yourself against scorching sunburn that could potentially cause skin rashes, especially for those who are allergic to such conditions and irritating insect bites.
  • A good camera and binoculars: As these will help to capture the amazing wildlife moments and enhance your viewing experience, not even distance can be a barrier.
  • Functional medical Kit: A basic first-aid kit with supplies and any personal medications. The kit can be helpful in case of any minor injuries such as scratches of thorns, caterpillar itches and other challenges that come along with the Jungle 
  • Nice gloves: Nice thick gardening gloves are recommended for gripping vegetation and protecting visitors’ hands as they touch rough tree roots.
  • A hat and Sunglasses: For sun rays protection which helps visitors do away with headaches that could probably ruin their adventures as different places tend to have different levels of heat. So a filter to that is highly recommended.

A brief look into the process of getting a gorilla permit.

 Gorilla trekking permits are obtained in advance through a registered tour operator or the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA). Here’s a simple guide on how to get them:

Booking: A traveller should contact a reputable tour operator to inquire about permit availability for specific dates.

Permits availability: Permits are limited and often sell out quickly, especially during the peak seasons, therefore it’s advisable to book in advance to avoid disappointments when favourable dates are all sold out.

Cost: The permits cost $700 for the foreign non-residents, $600 for the foreign residents and Uganda shillings 250,000 for the East African citizens.

What’s the best time to go gorilla trekking?

The best time to do gorilla trekking in Uganda is during the dry seasons which occur from June to August and December to February. During this period, the weather is generally more predictable, and trekking conditions are more favourable.

Do they offer certification for gorilla trekking?

Yes they do, gorilla trekking certificates are upon completion of the gorilla trekking experience issued in some parks for example Bwindi Impenetrable National Park as a memento of the visitors’ adventure. These certificates state the name of the trekker, the date of the trek, and a special recognition of having trekked the rare and endangered mountain gorillas.

What are the fascinating facts about mountain gorillas?

Several facts exist about mountain gorillas. They are a subspecies of the eastern gorillas and are found in the Virunga Mountains and Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Here are some fascinating facts about the majestic creatures:

Population wise: Over 1,000 mountain gorillas are remaining in the wild. And the most interesting fact Is that more than half of the gorillas are in the southwestern part of Uganda.

Critically endangered species: Mountain gorillas are classified as critically endangered due to their habitat loss, poaching activities and civil unrest in their natural habitats.

Amazing social structure: Gorillas live in stable extended family groups led by a dominant silverback male, who protects and guides the group. They are more like human beings and this is proven by the fact that they hold 98% of human DNA.

Proud herbivores: Gorillas are primarily herbivorous, and known for feeding on leaves, shoots, stems, and fruits.

Sleeping nests: It’s fascinating how mountain gorillas construct nests to sleep in each night, normally on the ground or in tree branches.

Gentle giants: Despite their size and strength, mountain gorillas are generally peaceful animals and non-aggressive towards humans unless they feel threatened and uncomfortable with visitors’ presence or actions.

Gorilla trekking permits once purchased contribute to conservation efforts in the area, as the revenue generated helps to fund conservation practices that in the long run protect the natural habitat for these amazing gentle giants.

It’s essential to remember that, while gorilla trekking offers a unique and unforgettable experience, it’s wise to approach this activity with due respect for the gorillas and their environment to ensure their continued protection and survival in the wild.

Mountain gorilla sectors in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.

Occupying an area of approximately 332 square kilometres, Bwindi impenetrable national park is one of the remaining habitats of these gentle primates and has since become a turning point for conservation practices to protect them for generations. Bwindi is divided into four separate gorilla sectors namely; Buhoma, Ruhija, Rushaga and Nkuringo. Each sector provides unique opportunities and experiences for tourists and researchers to track and learn about these mysterious creatures while contributing to their conservation.


The Buhoma sector was the pioneer sector in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park that was created for gorilla trekking, making it the most visited because of the history it holds and is better in terms of establishments as compared to other gorilla sectors. Buhoma region – north of Bwindi Park boasts of a rich diversity of ambient flora and fauna. Visitors to this region usually embark on gorilla tracking adventures, which involve trekking within dense vegetation and rugged relief to get closer to gorilla families. This wonderful experience allows travellers to view gorillas in their natural habitat, showing off their unique, exciting way of life.

Gorilla trekking aside, Buhoma sector offers a variety of other impressive activities, including guided nature walks in the forests all over the region, birdwatching that allows visitors a chance to view rare species such as marabou Stocks, African fish Eagles, malachite kingfishers, saddle billed sticks and cinnamons, visits to nearby Batwa communities to learn about their culture, get awesome entertainment and a glimpse into their traditions. What’s more, Bwindi Community Hospital, situated in the Buhoma region, plays an important role in providing health services to local people, visitors who get injured and the national park staff.


The Ruhija sector is located in the eastern region of Bwindi. It is known for its beautiful landscapes with rolling patterns of hills and valleys covered by thick montane forests. Gorilla tracking in the Ruhija sector is extremely rewarding too, because it is home to several habituated gorilla families. Whilst on the trek, travelers normally encounter numerous other wildlife rare species, especially forest elephants, golden monkeys, duikers and a superfluity of bird species that makes the sector a wonderful haven for bird enthusiasts.

Another fascinating unique tourist attraction in the Ruhija region is Mubwindi Swamp, which offers an outstanding bird-watching experience. Bird lovers get a chance to spot rare endemic species, including the African green broadbill, shoebill, bronzy sunbird, malachite kingfisher, pied kingfisher, black-breasted barbet, saddle billed stock and handsome francolin.


Rushaga sector, located in the southeast of Bwindi, is renowned for its immense mountain gorilla population that makes it an excellent spot for gorilla trekking expeditions. Having various habituated groups, therefore supports gorilla habituation experiences too since there are more wild gorillas in the forests around, travelers have higher chances of coming across these awesome creatures in their natural habitat.

As a supplement to gorilla trekking, Rushaga sector provides numerous opportunities for guided nature walks, bird watching, hiking experiences and cultural visits to nearby communities. It’s these community visits that promote sustainable tourism, allow tourists to interact with the local people, and learn about their traditions and daily life. What’s more, the region has committed conservation efforts to visitors and has a chance to participate in community-based tourism initiatives aimed at protecting the environment and endangered species.


The Nkuringo gorilla sector, situated in the southern region of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, is a much more remote, less frequented though with a lot to offer area, providing a more off-the-beaten-path experience to visitors. The sector was named after the rolling patterns of hills just next to it which also provides nice views, especially for photography enthusiasts who enjoy taking pictures of the hills. This awe-inspiring sector is characterized by steep as well as challenging terrain, which makes gorilla trekking a more physically demanding activity. However, for visitors seeking a sense of extraordinary adventure and tranquility, Nkuringo sector is a dream come true destination.

Nkuringo is different from other sectors in that it provides breathtaking views of the Virunga massif, adding to the amazing picturesque landscapes that surround the area. Besides gorilla trekking, visitors enjoy guided nature walks, hiking, birdwatching, and physical interactions with indigenous communities to have deeper insights into their ways of life.

Conservation efforts and challenges in Bwindi.

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park plays an important role in the conservation of endangered mountain gorillas, protecting about half of the world’s population. The practice of gorilla trekking has provided sustainable economic benefits to local communities, creating incentives that allow them to actively participate in conservation efforts. Revenue that’s generated from tourism destinations like these goes towards funding conservation projects, supporting local livelihoods and educating communities about the importance of preserving the natural heritage of this national park.

However, the impactful benefits of tourism come along with challenges. The balance between promoting sustainable tourism practices and minimizing human negative impacts on gorilla habitats has since remained a significant concern. National park staff and conservation organizations like IUCN, and UNESCO work tirelessly to regulate visitor numbers with each day having a designated number of visitors that shouldn’t be exceeded and ensure that rules and regulations for gorilla trekking are strictly respected to protect the welfare of mountain gorillas.

In summary, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park’s mountain gorilla sectors are invaluable habitats for endangered mountain gorillas, presenting to visitors with a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to witness such inspiring creatures in their natural habitat. The park’s commitment to the implementation of sustainable tourism practices and community engagement provides an outstanding model for responsible conservation efforts that protect wildlife and also support local communities simultaneously. As Bwindi continues to be an area of hope for the preservation of mountain gorillas, it’s thus imperative for all stakeholders like government, visitors and local people to work hand in hand to ensure the survival of these iconic species for generations to come.

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